Nurdle Free Lanka
Volunteer Campaign Against Plastic Pellets
OBJECTIVE: Remove all nurdles from the shorelines of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka is facing the worst marine environmental disaster due to the two-week inferno of the MV X-Press Pearl which has partially sunk off the coast of the Western Province of the Island. Large amounts of hazardous chemicals and billions of plastic pellets/ nurdles have spilt into the sea while a significant oil spill looms as the vessel lays stricken on shallow waters battered by heavy monsoon ocean currents. The pollution caused by the toxic cargo is visibly impacting the marine environment and the shorelines of Sri Lanka. While many of the nurdles are still floating on the sea, shorelines stretching from Mannar to Hambathota are seen littered with pre-production pellets of most plastic items. Nurdles are detrimental to marine animals who mistake them for food and ingest them. These nurdles can absorb the pollutants in the water and become toxic, posing the risk of those toxins bioaccumulating in marine animals and passing throughout the food chain. Consumption by humans could potentially lead to health hazards that are still being studied.
The Pearl Protectors, which is a youth-led marine conservation organization in Sri Lanka is spearheading coordinated efforts to mitigate the pollution caused due to the nurdle pollution. ‘Nurdle Free Lanka’ intends to collect all nurdles which lay stricken on the shorelines of Sri Lanka by using various nurdle collecting apparatus, volunteer mobilizations, shoreline surveying and involving coastal communities in long term mitigation efforts. The Pearl Protectors along with mandated agencies, partners, patrons and volunteer organizations intends to target coastlines that are most impacted by nurdles and collect the nurdles using trommel technology, large scale sieving, and handheld sieving. Collected nurdles will be handed over to the authorities. The total duration of the clean-up campaign is initially intended to be three months starting 6th July 2021.
Safety precautions and marine debris handling guidelines will be adhered to during the remediation process. The cleanup events will comply with COVID 19 restrictions and participation will be dependent on the travel restrictions placed by the Government at the time.
Volunteers are required to wear protective gear. Clear and mandated briefings and information on step-by-step cleaning processes will be disseminated prior to commencement. Volunteers will be provided with all necessary cleaning tools and adequate knowledge on proper segregation and safe disposal methods of the waste. A volunteer control center intends to collect survey data in determining the shorelines for cleaning. Cleaning apparatus will be placed in all beach stretches initially through the pilot project initiation. The apparatus tools will be available for volunteer teams to use where once used for cleaning; a volunteer survey will retrieve data on the collected quantity of nurdles.
Segmentation of the Campaign
Pilot initiation at Wellawatta and Mt. Lavinia shorelines
Wellawatta, Mt. Lavinia, Dehiwala, Galle Face, Galkissa, Rathmalana, Lunawa, Dehiwala Canal, Modara, Angulana, Crow Island, and/or donate some of the apparatus packages to the armed forces in cleaning efforts
Wellawatta, Mt. Lavinia, Dehiwala, Galle Face, Galkissa, Rathmalana, Lunawa, Dehiwala Canal, Modara, Angulana, Crow Island, Preethipura, Dikkowita, Uswetakeiyawa, Moratuwella, Panadura, Wadduwa, Pothupitiya, Kaluthara, Katukurunda, Beruwala, Moragalla, and/or donate some of the apparatus packages to the armed forces in cleaning efforts
Southern and Western province (locations to be determined)
- The initial timeframe of the campaign is 3 months with a possible extension based on the requirement
- Selection of apparatus sieving tools will be donated to the armed forces who are diligently supporting in the cleaning of the shorelines
- The campaign is subjected to pause, or halt based on the circumstances or if achievable goals are met.
- Patron benefits will be provided based on first come, first serve basis due to the urgency of the campaign.
The Pearl Protectors have introduced 3 unique designs to sieve the plastic nurdles from the shorelines.
- Hanging Sieve
- Trommel Sieve
- Handheld Sieve
The hanging sieve was designed uniquely through The Pearl Protectors after observing the functionality of a construction sieve and including aspects of user friendly and ease of mobility. The sieve has a carrying capacity of up to 15 shovel sand loads while requires physical force to shake the sieve tray which is hanging over the metal load frame. The bottom of the tray is constructed using an aluminum mesh which filters and nurdles from the sand. While the sand is filtered to the bottom, the nurdles can be collected and moved into a waste collector. The tray is freely hanging onto the load frame by 4 chains fixed to the corners.
The hanging sieve has a capacity to sieve nurdles within 30 seconds which can be scooped out using plastic scoops. The complete tool set will include 1 shovel, 1 bucket, 7 gunny bags, 2 plastic scoops and gloves.
The trommel sieve was inspired by the generic sieving tools used during the 2012 nurdle spill in Hong Kong. The trommel sieve requires 2 individuals for its functionality where one person rotates the trommel using a handle while another shovels in sand. The trommel is fixed to a mobile and light weight metal frame which can be moved along the beach to the desired location. Once in use, the rotating trommel sieves the sand while collecting the nurdles at the bottom corner where a collection bag can be fixed in. The trommel is subjected to further adjustments to increase efficiency and mobility.
The trommel sieve has the capacity of continually sieving nurdles while sand is being added in. The complete tool set will include 1 shovel, 1 bucket, 7 gunny bags, and gloves.
Two types of handheld sieves have been designed for more precise, on location nurdle cleaning. Both models can be used by an individual while can be hand carried. Each model has the capacity to sieve a shovel load of sand within 20 seconds while the collected nurdles can easily be deposited to a collection bag. Large scale production of the handheld sieves would provide the opportunity to distribute these models along the coastal populations and amongst volunteers. The sieves are designed in a method which provides ease in holding and physically shaking the sand on the tray while provides adequate section to hang the sieve when not in use.
Handheld sieve 1 has a dimension of 16” x 16”
Apparatus Tools Package Per Location
Apparatus tools package: Each of the designated locations will have 1 hanging sieve, 1 trommel sieve, 10 handheld sieves.
Volunteer distribution: 30 handheld sieves to be utilized during volunteer mobilization events to micro mitigate nurdle pollution
Pollution Variation Surveying
Constant survey data input is essential in making the campaign impactful. While billions of plastic pellets are still floating on sea, ocean currents and wind patterns make the pellets nurdles drift towards the shoreline. Much of the variations of pollution can be determined based on hightide, strong wind patterns and monsoon behavior. The pollution survey intends to gather data based on the above variables and input the collected data towards effective volunteer mobilization activities across the shorelines. The initial surveys will be conducted across the coastlines of Western Province.
Live updates of surveyed data will be shared through The Pearl Protectors social media and web page.
The Pearl Protectors will mobilize its volunteers along with volunteers from partnered organization in eradicating the nurdles from the shorelines. Eleven mobilization activities are intended to progress during the campaign where targeted coastlines with high density of nurdles are identified and treated. Volunteers will be provided necessary information, equipment, safety gear, food/refreshments, and recognition for volunteering. The campaign intends to partner with volunteer organizations and youth groups to assist with collecting the shoreline nurdles.
All nurdles will be collected and handed over to the authorities at MEPA with strict guidelines as to avoid any contaminations. All volunteers will be following strict COVID19 prevention guidelines and will be equipped with necessary COVID19 spread prevention attire.
Additionally, nurdle collecting competitions will be conducted in order to reward larger collections while including in the aspects of enjoyment and entertainments.
Partnering volunteer organizations will receive visibility and promotional credit through the campaign if significant source of volunteers can be mobilized through the said organization.
Volunteer Organization Campaign Commitment;
- Participate in at least 5 of 11 volunteer events under the campaign which will take place predominantly during a weekend during the next three months
- Commit to at least 10 volunteers from your organization during each of the agreed events
- Be responsible for the safety and the wellbeing of the volunteers of your organization during the volunteer event
- Communicate efficiently with the liaising Campaign Coordinator on event updates, event media and any queries or concerns
With above commitments agreed upon, the volunteer organization will be recognized as a partner of the Nurdle Free Lanka campaign where organizational logo will be displayed on the official campaign webpage, any press releases, and any relevant promotions. Interested organizations are invited to send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org showing interest to partner.
Total funding requirement of the Nurdle Free Lanka Campaign is Rs 3,506,000.00.
The funding will be separated based on Apparatus Tools Packages, Promotions/Awareness, Volunteer mobilizations, and Pollution Surveys. The campaign will be separated into 3 stages based on efficiency, impact and time duration.
Total for 1st stage (tentative 3 weeks)
Total for 2nd stage (tentative 1.5 months)
Total for 3rd stage (tentative 1 month)
Total budget of the campaign
We invite passionate individuals and business entities to support us in this campaign to eradicate nurdles from polluting our shorelines and the marine environment.
Please email us at email@example.com for more information on donating towards the campaign or being a patron
Funding and donations can be directed to:
Account Name: The Pearl Protectors
Account Number: 109261005455
Bank Name: Sampath Bank PLC
Branch Name: Maharagama Super – 092
Swift Code: BSAMLKLX
Please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org to share the logo/receipt.
Entities can become a Patron of the Campaign with additional visibility benefits.